"First post" for the upstream ecological barrier of the Yellow River
In the Sun Lake in Shiqu County, Ganzi Prefecture, herders raised yaks at the benial point.
As the first county that flows into Sichuan in the Yellow River, how does Shiqu County, Ganzi Prefecture stand well to build the "first post" to build the upper reaches of the Yellow River?On April 25, the "Walking New Bashu" Sichuan Daily all interviewed the team of the Sichuan Daily to this county with an altitude of more than 4,000 meters and visited the important wetland of Changsha Gongma International on the upper reaches of the Yellow River.
Starting from Shiqu County, along the National Highway 345 to the north, the Zaxi Card Prairie covered by white snow is still asleep.
The distance of hundreds of kilometers was not alone. Along the way, the team interviewed wild protection animals such as foxes, red ducks, hooks, and black -necked cranes, as if in a huge natural zoo.
After reaching the location of the Gongma Township Government of Changsha, the vehicle entered the township and village roads until there was no way to go grassland wetlands. The important wetland of Gongma International in Changsha is an important source of the Yellow River. The upstream tributary Chaqu River is in the hinterland of Gongma Township, Changsha. It belongs to the unmanned area. According to the regulations of the Nature Reserve, the road cannot be cultivated.
As a result, interviewed the team decided to visit the edge of the wetland.
Governance to repair the "Face Face" Green Make -up Changsha Gongma Township is the first township of the Yellow River Basin in Ganzi Prefecture. There are the source tributaries of the Yellow River in the territory.
Among them, Chaquhe has seven major tributaries, and Ge Deer is one of them. In order to make up for the regrets that could not enter the hinterland of wetlands, Chang Renzhenchun, Chang Renma Township, Changsha Gongma Township, led the team to the villages of Gongma Township, Changsha Gongma Township, the villages that were mainly flowed by Gobel.
Looking at it, Ge Deer meandered on the grassland, and some of the watersheds were protected by yellow isolation nets. "Earlier, due to the erosion of river water, grazing, and mouse harm, the vegetation on both sides of the river was severely degraded, and the soil was gradually sandwiched and the range continued to expand.
"Xu Yuanyang, chief engineer of the Shiqu Ecological and Environment Bureau. Since 2020, Shiqu invested 9.4 million yuan to build a 5100 -meter isolation network, re -cultivating the land in the watershed ecological buffer belt, and the planting is suitable for high -cold and high altitude areas to grow. The shrub vegetation and many years of grass.
"Through the implementation of ecological restoration projects in Ge Deer, interception of surface runoff pollution generated by the grazing along the river, the grassland degradation and atrophic momentum have been controlled, and the sandy vegetation along the section of the watershed gradually recovered.
Xu Yuanyang said. After the grass is restoring, it needs to be repaired after governance. In the distance, the large sandy land is mixed on the yellow grassland, making the whole grassland look like a huge "flower face". Due to advance to the second village 2 kilometers away, two workers are driving a joint farming machine arable land and sowing grass seeds on a deserted mountain -the village is implementing the 800 acres of ecological restoration of grass planting projects. At present, cultivated land, sowing, fertilization application Wait for gradually. "This year, the whole township plan implements 10,000 acres of grass planting projects.
While promoting the ecological protection and repair of the Yellow River Basin, it can also be used as a collective pasture for livestock after 3 years. "Ren Zhenchun is looking forward to the future. From Changsha Gongma Township, along the National Highway 345 to the south, the reporter came to the ecological comprehensive governance project of the water source conservation area of ??the Yellow River in Shika Town, Shiqu County. "As soon as the weather was warmer, we carried out artificial grasslands of the grassland of shrimp town.
"Zhang Fuliang, the person in charge of the project, said," We mainly repair the sandy grassland through various physical, chemical repair and engineering technical measures. "Through biological measures and engineering measures, in the past five years, Shiqu County has governed 6,000 acres of sandy land and 10,000 acres of sandy grassland in the county, 30,000 acres of degenerative grasslands, and 220,000 acres of natural grassland.
"In July and August this year, you came to Shrima Town again. This ‘flower face’ grassland will present a green beauty." Zhang Fuliang was full of confidence. The consolidation shutdown field changes to the wetland park in the southwest of Shiqu County of Wetland Park 35 kilometers. Here, the lush shawl and oatmeal grass make people feel vibrant.
By the lake, there are occasional pairs of water birds or leisurely foraging, or fluttering with wings, and then not entering the grass. It is hard to imagine that two years ago, there was a sand mining field with mechanical roar, naked riverbed, and flying sand.
"Before it was repaired here, a hair dryer was all dirt, riding by bicycle, full of dust." Speaking of the past, the villagers Erkin’s eyebrows were locked. The large and small sand and gravel fell to the road, making the villagers travel a lot of traffic safety hazards.
"The change also started in 2020. At that time, Shiqu County co -ordinated and integrated 7.5 million yuan in special funds for ecological restoration of the historical and land of the sand mining field in Yiyi Ercun. After one year of rectification, the waste pond was changed to artificial lakes and ecological wetland groups, accounting for accounting The land is more than 100 acres; the gravel soil bag is paved with turf, becoming a rolling green hill; the original 157 acres of sand land, planting shawl grass, oat grass, grass, red bean grass, etc.
"Now, the sand field has become a wetland park, becoming the best place for our daily walks and leisure dams.
Erjin said happily. In recent years, Shiqu County has made great efforts to restore the sand and gravel fields, rectify and shut down the 25 illegal sand mining points in the county, and clean up more than 500,000 cubic meters of existing sand and waste stone.
After the sand and gravel farm became the park, not only did the ecological environment restore, but also the rations of the yak. The reporter found that the dry yellow grass of about 50 centimeters in the park was paved everywhere like a long plush carpet.
At the root of the dry yellow grass, the light green new buds are germinated. "Restoring the vegetation of the sand mining farm, mixed with perennial and one -year grass species, can produce 200 kg to 400 kg of dried grass per acre." Looking at the growth of the grass, I was glad to calculate, "Especially in the winter season, local villagers can go to the wetland park to cut grass and feed the cattle by themselves. Shiqu County invested 100 million yuan to implement projects and other projects, artificial grass 10,000 acres, governance, degradation, desertification, and saline -alkaliization of "three modernizations" grassland 10,000 acres, dredging of 120 kilometers.
(Responsible editor: Yu Chao).